Getting pregnant something to be planned with care and your body should be quite ready for the challenges that might come together with pregnancy. It will be a time period that you will have to support the growth of the baby inside you and also to go through all the mental and physical stresses of pregnancy.
This article will give you a few pointers towards preparing your body for a pregnancy.
a) Meet your General Practitioner
It is a very good idea to meet your GP and carry out a general health check. There are many diceases and complications that go unnoticed till the last moment, which can result in greater trouble by the time of pregnancy.
If you have a long-running medical condition such as epilepsy, asthma or diabetes, then seeing your GP is a must. Also, doctor might change some medicine schedules to avoid risks of reducing fertility or other issues related to pregnancy. If you have a medical condition, it's important that it's controlled as effectively as possible before you become pregnant.
b) Pre-pregnancy Check Up
Your doctor or nurse will probably ask you about:
- Your health and lifestyle.
- Your eating habits.
- Any problems with your periods.
- How much exercise you do.
- Whether your job involves working with hazardous substances.
Your wellbeing, for example, whether you are suffering from depression, or have done so in the past.
If you're overweight, with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher, your doctor will recommend that you try to lose weight. Losing weight may increase your chances of conceiving and will mean that you'll have a healthy start to your pregnancy.
If you're underweight, talk to your doctor about healthy ways to increase your BMI. You're more likely to have an irregular menstrual cycle if you have a low body weight. If you're missing periods, you won't release an egg (ovulate) during each cycle. A healthy BMI is between about 19 and 25.
Your doctor will also want to know about any existing health conditions you may have, such as:
- high blood pressure
It will be helpful if your doctor also knows about:
- Any genetic conditions in your family. Tell your GP if you have a family history of Down's syndrome, sickle cell disease, thalassaemia or cystic fibrosis, so she can arrange further support and advice.
- Your contraception. Most contraceptive methods, once you stop using them, shouldn't affect how long it takes to conceive. But if you've been using the contraceptive injection, it may take up to one year after your last injection for your usual fertility to return.
Your doctor may also ask about any terminations, miscarriages or ectopic pregnancies you've experienced. You may find it hard to go over painful memories. Try to bear in mind that knowing about what's happened in the past will help your doctor to ensure you get the best care.
c) Blood Tests
Some of the blood tests will give a clear indication about certain risks that are going to affect your pregnancy and child birth. These can be for Sexually Transmitted Diseases/Infections or for probably genetic disorders.
If your doctor is concerned you may be anaemic, she'll advise you have a blood test. Depending on your ethnic background and medical history, you may also have a test for genetic disorders such as sickle-cell anaemia, Tay-Sachs disease and thalassaemia. If you're not sure whether or not you're immune to rubella, you'll be offered a blood test to check for sure.
If you're concerned, you can ask your GP for screening tests for sexually transmitted infections, including:
- hepatitis B
It's particularly important to have enough folic acid in the early weeks of pregnancy, when you may not even realise you're expecting. The early weeks are when your unborn baby's brain and nervous system are developing fast. You can buy folic acid supplements from pharmacies.
You'll need to take a higher daily dose of 5mg, which is only available on prescription from your doctor, if you:
- have a family history of neural tube defects
- have diabetes
- have coeliac disease
- take medicine for epilepsy
- have a body mass index (BMI) of over 30
Once you are pregnant, it is recommended you take a vitamin D supplement.
e) General Facts
Don't forget to keep your body and mind active, control stress and have a positive outlook of life. This will help you massively to face the mental and physical challenges during the pregnancy period.
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මෙම ලිපිය ඔබට ප්රයෝජනවත් වුනානම් හෝ ඔබේ මිතුරියකට ප්රයෝජනවත් වේ යයි සිතනවානම්, කරුණාකර පහත ඇති "recommend" ක්ලික් කිරීමෙන් එය බෙදා හදා ගැනීමට අමතක කරන්න එපා. තවද, මෙම ලිපිය පිළිබඳව ඔබේ අදහස්, යෝජනා සහ අනෙකුත් මවුවරුන්/කාන්තාවන් හට ප්රයෝජනවත් වන ඔබේ අත්දැකීම් පහත ලියා තැබීමටද අප ආරාධනා කරමු. ස්තුතියි!